Review of Myopia Management: What's Normal, What's Not?

Emmetropisation is a process by which the components of the eye change/develop to achieve the ideal refractive state where vision is optimal for far objects. In human newborns, the refractive state of the eye is that of hyperopia of approximately +2.00D; this hyperopia reduces in magnitude over time until the eye becomes emmetropic. It is said that eye growth is rapid in the initial years, with the eye achieving 90 percent of adult proportions by the age of 3-4 years; after that, the growth decelerates and continues at a slower pace until around 6-8 years. The changes in eye growth involve all the major determinants of refractive power, including corneal curvature, axial length, and the crystalline lens. Read More